The Southeast Asian countries possess many ancient temples with sophisticated architecture, attracting many visitors throughout the world.
Enjoying the spring pilgrimage to the famous temples in Southeast Asia will bring tourists the atmosphere of peace and tranquillity, as well as the belief in eternal life.
Angkor Wat Temple, Cambodia
Angkor Wat Temple
Angkor Wat is a temple complex in Cambodia and the largest religious site in the world, 1,626,000 square meters. It was originally built as a Hindu temple of the Khmer Empire, and was gradually transformed into a Buddhist temple in the late 12th century. The Khmer Suryavarman II built Angkor Wat in the early 12th century in Yasodharapura, the capital of the Khmer empire, as his own tomb.
The temple is the most typical symbol of Khmer architecture. It has become the symbol of Cambodia, appearing on the national flag and is the country's top tourist attraction. Entrance to the temple is a stone path, crossing a large moat. The features that tourists will fall in love with at first sight are the rocky corridors stretching out, covering the courtyard of green trees. The central part of Angkor is the highest of the architectural complex. To get to this place, tourists have to go through many doors, climb all the high platforms, and cross the wide yard. This is a sacred place, so the tourists wearing skirts or pants sort will not be allowed to come in.
Pha That Luang Temple, Laos
Pha That Luang Temple
Pha That Luang, one of the most famous monuments in the capital Vientiane, in the dialect means the great tower or sacred relic tower. In the middle of the 16th century, the King Setthathirat, decided to move the national capital from Luang Prabang to Vientiane and ordered that Pha That Luang Temple had to be built.
The temple was shaped like a huge tower, and it represents the enlightenment of Buddhism. Because of its gold plated exterior, the temple was inevitably overlooked by neighboring countries. As a result, wars erupted between Laos and neighboring countries such as Burma, Thailand ,and China at that time. And during the invasion of the Thai in the 1828s, there was a severe consequence for this temple and the capital Vientiane. The current temple is a restored architecture from the 1930s by the French to replace the inaccurate structure at the previous renovation 1900 also by the French. Until now, the temple is still a tourist attraction for many visitors around the world.
Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin's Mosque, Brunei
Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin's Mosque, Brunei
Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin's Mosque, designed by Cavalieri R Nolli, Edwards Chartered ,and their collaborators, is believed to be a combination of Mughal architecture and Italian style. The building was built on a round artificial lake in the Kampong Ayer River.
The church was built on an area of about 2 hectares, almost squared to a corner of the lake. A curved bridge connects the church to the banks of the Brunei River. Another marble bridge leads to a building like a boat in the middle of the lake, built-in 1967. This boat simulates the famous Sultan Bolkiah dragon boat of the 16th century Brunei, commonly used in religious ceremonies. The boat is exquisitely decorated with Mosaic carvings and mesmerizing motifs for Islam.
The building consists of the main church block and an auxiliary building. The main church block is a block of white marble. At four sides protrude four lobby blocks. At the corner of the building has a large tower about 44m high. At the top of the main block is a 52m high dome tower, gold-plated towers with a volume of 5 tons, including 3.3 million pieces of gold with an area of about 520m2. Inside the building, the prayer room has a capacity of more than 3,000 people, beautifully carved on domes, stained glass windows, and marble columns. The sub-perimeter is a narrow corridor. The patio is a lake. Interior, the exterior of the building are decorated with white marble imported from Italy, British glass, flooring carpet embroidery famous from the Arab ...
Shwedagon Temple, Myanmar
Shwedagon Temple, also known as Golden Temple, is the most sacred place and pride of the people of Myanmar. The temple was built over 2,500 years ago in Yangon, including 1,000 small shrines that preserve many sacred treasures of Buddhism.. These shrines surround the main tower, which is almost 99 meters in height, covered with 9,300 gold leaflets, 5,450 diamonds and 2,320 other kinds of the gemstone. At the top of the centre tower, there are 1,065 golden bells and 421 silver bells. Under the sunshine, the temple is glistening like a sun.
From the foothills of the Singuttara there are 4 stairways, each of which has a pair of chinthe. In the east and south, there are many shops selling instruments for Buddhist worship. At the last steps of the way to the south, there is the second embodiment of the Buddha, the Buddha Na Na Ham.
The temple has long been a place of pilgrimage for Buddhist followers of Myanmar. When taking off shoes must be removed. The Burmese usually travel around the tower in the clockwise direction. There are seven water tanks corresponding to seven planets and seven days a week. This is where people with birthdays coincide that day to bathe the Buddha statue.