Among hundreds of temples, pagodas, stupas and monuments in Burma, the golden pagoda of Shwedagon is considered the most important and famous work. Most of the tourists around the world do not miss this historical relic located on Singuttara Hill.
Not only bringing religious sense, Shwedagon pagoda is also a political area. In this place, numerous important events took place such as protests against colonialism in 1920, strikes of workers in oil factory in 1938, the meeting of “Independence” under the control of Aung San leader in 1946, the meeting with the participation of 500000 Myanmar citizens to ask for democratic rights in the military field in 1988 or the most recently, the demonstrations throughout the country in 2007. Having been through many ups and downs as well as historic changes, Shwedagon Pagoda still remains its inherent beauty.
No one knows exactly when the pagoda was built. According to historians and archaeologists, the pagoda has the age of around 2500 years and built from the 6th century to the 10th century. However, according to traditional documents, Shwedagon Pagoda is one of the most ancient Buddhist structures not only in Myanmar but also in the world.
Located on the top hill of Singuttara, Shwedagon Pagoda is a magnificent complex with more than 1000 single pagoda around. The central tower is a masterpiece of art with the height of around 110 meters, plated with thousands of gold leaves. There are 4531 sparkling diamonds decorated on its top.
In addition, there is total number of 1065 gold bells and 421 silver bells hang on the top of the tower. Under the sunlight or nightlight, the pagoda always generates twinkling light.
With a huge scale, Shwedagon is the center of religion as well as community activities in Myanmar. This magnificent architectural work is also an important tourist destination. It can be said that, it is not a complete trip if travelling to Myanmar without visiting Shwedagon.