The word “Ha Long” has the beginning of a legend. “Ha” means that “down” in China and Long means “dragon”. Local residents say that when the Vietnamese were fighting Chinese invaders, the gods sent dragons to help defend the land. Those dragons began spitting out jewels and jade. These jewels turned into the islands and islets dotting the bay, linking together to form a great wall against the invaders. After that, dragons were interested in peaceful sightseeing of the Earth and decided to live here then. The bay is a sea island in tropical climate with 2 seasons: hot and moist summer, dry and cold winter. Average temperature is from 15 to 25 Celsius. Annual rainfall is between 2000mm and 2200mm.
|Ha Long Bay Vietnam - Top destinations to travel in Southeast Asia|
Some islands support floating villages of fishermen, who ply the shallow waters for 200 species of fish and 450 different kinds of mollusks. Many of the islands have acquired their names as a result of interpretation of their unusual shapes: such names include elephant (Voi Islet), kissing rocks (Hon Trong Mai), and Mai Nha Islet. 989 of the islands have been given different names. Birds and animals including antelopes, monkeys, and iguanas also live on some islands.
A community of around 1600 people live on Halong bay in four fishing villages like Cua Van, Ba Hang, Cong Tau and Tong Vien in Hung Thang commune, Ha Long city. They live on floating houses and are sustained by capture fishing and marine aquaculture. Originally in Ha Long Bay there was only one fishing village. Now there are about ten. I was retold by a local resident when I went out for enjoying the fresh air. It is so interesting!!
Ha Long Bay is host to two ecosystems: a tropical, moist, evergreen rainforest ecosystem and a marine and coastal ecosystem. The bay is home to seven endemic species. They are an endemic species, livistona halongensis, Impatiens halongensis, Chirieta halongensis, Chirieta hiepii, Chirieta modesta, Paraboea halongensis and Alpinia calcicola. Many islands that the bay are home to a great many other species, including about 477 magnoliales, 12 pteris, 20 salt marsh floras and 4 amphibia, 10 reptilia, 40 aves, and 4 mammalia.
If you live in Hanoi, there are many available ways for you to travel there. There is a bus from Hanoi to Halong city. It is about 160 km away and you can take roughly two hours to get there. When you set the first foot to Ha Long, you will hire a ship to enjoy almost sightseeing there. Another choice is driving by motorbike from Hanoi to Ha Long city in case you are carsick. From bus station to the pier, it will take 10 minutes.
The trip is very meaningful if you travel with your family or with your lover. It is really a memorial experience!!
Source : Indochina Travel, Vietnam travel